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The Mercury Cars Guide : June 20th 2009
Saturday, June 20, 2009 Classifieds 62 300 400 • carsguide.com.au Kenworth leads gas race 1 Going, no tray, no reg, spare motor. Ph 0408 122 627 1 1 Man, 190,000 ks, 6 m reg, CD, r/racks, $4,500. 0401 780 818 1 DODGE TRUCK 1978 DYNA 83 TIPPER Express Van 1998 MitsubishiFM618 Ph 6261 4985, 0488 712 194. Diesel 6.2 GVM, $7,200. 1998, 233,000 kms, 14.5t dropside tipper, Palfinger crane, $49,500. 0410 554 072. 1 SchoolBus Scania113 10/89 mod, 48 seat, 22 stand, rear doors removed and re- cently resheeted, painted white, avail start 3rd term, $47,800 ono. Ph 0418 551 335. 1 STREETS AHEAD: Kenworth is the first Australian truck company to release the only fully productionised LNG model. K ENWORTH has boldly taken the lead in the alternative fuels race by releasing Australia’s first, and so far only fully productionised LNG truck, but in the process it has found thatLNG requires a rethink of the way it designs and builds trucks. Having built morethan 40,000 regular diesel- powered trucks over about 40 years Kenworth has made an art form of custom building heavy-duty trucks to perfectly suit the require- ments of the job their owners expect them to do, but it’s finding it has to do things differently with the LNG trucks. There are a number of limitations that currently come into play when designing an LNG truck and they can ultimately mean the truck can’t be perfectly tailored to the job. For the first time in its history Kenworth is telling its customers they may have to fit the job to the truck if they want to switch to LNG. It’s a major shift in philosophy for the company as it too learns about LNG. The challenges largely stem from the instal- lation of the LNG tanks, which add to the truck’s weight and take up more chassis space than the diesel tanks they replace, which may have an adverse impact on the wheelbase of the truck, weight splits, turntable positioning, and ultimately even the length of the trailers the truck can legally haul. There’s no doubt about the benefits of LNG, it costs significantly less than diesel, its price is stable because it’s sourced locally and not affected by currency fluctuations, its supply is not affected by international politics or events overseas, and it dramatically reduces green- house gas emissions, but there are some issues that operators have to consider before they sign up. There isn’t yetanetwork of readily available refuelling stations operators can use, the system is expensive with a high upfront cost on top of what is already a premium-priced with Graham Smith wheels truck, and then there’s the issue of who might want to buy it when it comes time to sell it on. Kenworth wont divulge the cost of its LNG truck, except to say it is substantial, but it is understood, that its system costs in the order of $150,000 or more depending on which gas capacity configuration is required. That’s not an issue for operators whose trucks are doing high mileages, but for those with trucks not running up the big miles it can make it an expensive proposition. One of the issues an operator needs to consider when contemplating a switch toLNG is the range they need their trucks to cover between refuelling stops. It’s easy with diesel trucks like the ones Kenworth makes, they can be equipped with diesel tanks capable of taking 1500 litres giving the truck a range of up to 2500km or so before they need to refuel a typical B-double. That’s more than enough to get from Melbourne to Sydney and back, Sydney to Brisbane and return, or even Melbourne to Brisbane. But the maximum range of an equivalent Kenworth LNG truck is 850km depending on whether its fitted with one, two or three 120US gallon tanks, which means an operator has to be sure the truck can be regassed within that range. Kenworth is currently offering the option of LNGonthree models, the T908 bonneted truck, the T408 SAR conventional model, and the K108 cab-over. The system Kenworth is using is the Westport HPDI system developed by the Canadian gaseous fuel systems specialist Westport Innovations. The Westport GX engine is based on the 15-litreCumminsISX, but uses Westport’sown electronic HPDI injectors, control systems and tanks. The system is a dedicated LNG system, not dual-fuel, which makes the refuelling issue a vital one. Run out of LNG on the Westport system and your truck is stranded by the roadside. The system only uses a small amount of diesel to initiate the combustion process before theLNGis injected,andboth the dieselandthe LNG are directly injected into the cylinder through the same HPDI injector. The LNG is stored under pressure at temperatures as low as minus 160 degrees before being vaporised using heat from the engines cooling system, and distributed to the injectors using a common fuel rail. Drivers who have tested the LNG engine report that the trucks perform equally as well as an equivalent diesel truck, and do it much more quietly. Kenworth isnowbuildingLNGtrucks on its regular assembly line alongside the diesel trucks it builds, making it a more integrated installation with none of the issues than can result from an add-on installation. Two production trucks have so far been built, the first was a T908 and the second was a K108 cab-over that was built for Kalari Transport and is about to enter service. Its a small, but important step with the interest in LNG from potential customers gathering momentum. With the anticipated expansion of the refuelling network and the price stabilityLNG offers, along with the reduction in greenhouse gas that comes with using it, Kenworth is confident the demand in its trucks will grow. Truckers call for help for conversions AUSTRALIA’S top-selling truck makers are callingonthe Federal Government to put its money where its mouth is on climate change and provide support for operators wanting to switch to clean, green natural gas. It’s widely accepted that natur- al gas represents the future for the Australian trucking indus- try, and Isuzu, the country’s top selling truck brand, and Ken- worth, the leading heavy-duty truck maker, are both proactive- ly introducing natural gas mod- els to fuel the switch. But both companies want the government to back the move by providing some form of financial incentive for those operators pre- pared to make the switch. There’s much more to convert- ing from diesel to gas than simply strapping some gas tanks on the chassis and driving away. In particular it comes at a substantial cost to the operator. Neither Isuzu, which is offer- ing a number of models capable of running on Compressed Nat- ural Gas (CNG), or Kenworth, which has developed anumberof Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) models, is willing to put a price on their alternative fuel models. All they will confirm is that their natural gas trucks come with a substantial price pre- mium, one that will have the effect of slowing the uptake of the gas unless the government pro- vides some form of incentive. The benefits of switching to natural gas are many, it’s amuch cleaner burning fuel than diesel, it’s cheap, price stable, abun- dantly available, and isn’t af- fected by international events including natural disasters, wars or acts of terrorism. With huge reserves of natural gas from oil fields or coal deposits it has the potential to substan- tially reduce Australia’s depend- ence on oil imports and secure the country’s fuel supply well into the future. But it does come at a price for operators in the form of a sub- stantial upfront cost for the trucks that has to be recouped, and refuelling facilities are few and far between. Based on the current prices of diesel and CNG Isuzu says it would take up to four years to recover the extra upfront cost of one of its CNG trucks, but the payback time will be reduced if the price of diesel rises as is expected to happen in the me- dium term. In the meantime Isuzu is call- ing on the government to step in and provide operators with some form of financial incentive to soften the initial impact of the higher purchase price. The last pieces of the jigsaw puzzle to be put in place to make this viable are government subsi- dies, said Isuzu director and chief executive Phil Taylor. Like Isuzu, Kenworth would also like to see the government provide some support for opera- tors taking up the natural gas option. What is needed at the moment, says Kenworth Product Develop- ment Manager, Brad May, are customers and the government can help by providing incentives. ‘‘After all, the government gives us a rebate to convert our cars to LPG, but there’s nothing available for anyone switching to LNG and they’re having a much greater impact on the environ- ment,’’ he said. The place that has more expert opinions than any other. carsguide.com.au and in Saturday’s Mercury. To Advertise Your Business Here Call 62 300 520 or email firstname.lastname@example.org 2 MOREVEHICLES! There are more cars in CARSguide Extra. To find them, look in the index of today’s classifieds. DEADLINE FOR CARSGUIDE 8PM THURSDAY 1 82 MODEL q/release tipper, ready to tow trailer, good cond, $28,000 ono. Ph 0448 445 938 0 Commercial Vehicles Combo Van 2005 Holden XC, silver, 4 cyl, 5 spd man, dual a/bags, CD, 68,000 ks, $13,000 ono. 0450 157163 0 Trucks, Motor Cycles Bikes continued from Previous page To Advertise Your Business Here Call 62 300 520 or email email@example.com 2 TYRESALE 10'' from $30. 12'' from $50 14'' from $60 16 and 17'' from $70 18 and 19'' from $80 Trail bike tyres. Southern Motor Cycle Wreckers, 82a Charles Street, Moonah. 6273 0368. 0 XR125 2009 -BLACK Brand new, $1,300 ono Ph 0417 860069. 0 red, white and black, many spares, new tyres, Exc cond. $8,500. Ph 0439 998 964 1 Yamaha R1 2002 YAMAHAWR250F 2006, 1,900 kms, good, cond, $6,500 ono. Ph 0447 151 643 1 YAMAHAYFS 200BLASTER ATV, immac cond, as new, $4,000. Ph 0417 585 076. 0 YAMAHA 1991 FZR250 good tyres, bad paint, no reg, $800 ph 0439 424 483. 0 —15 ATTENTION! THERE MAY BE MORE LIST- INGS IN CARSGUIDE EXTRA. PLEASE REFER INDEX SATURDAY’S CLASSIFIEDS. 1 Good cars cheap prices! at 93 Holden Apollo – 2.2 litre manual .............................. 96 Nissan Pulsar LX – 5-speed manual .......................$5,750 97 Holden Astra – alloys, spoiler.......................................$5,890 96 Proton Wira GLi – 87,000km ...................................$5,990 96 Mazda Astina – 1.8 litre manual................................$6,990 99 Ford Laser GLXi – automatic .....................................$8,750 00 Mazda 323 Protegé – excellent example............$8,990 99 Toyota Echo – 86,000km................................................$8,990 06 Hyundai Getz – 5-door hatch.....................................$9,650 01 Holden Frontera S – 4x4 wagon............................$9,870 01 Holden Astra Equipe – automatic, hatch...........$9,990 99 Holden WH Statesman – 5.7 litre V8 ...............$11,990 04 Nissan Pulsar ST Hatch – 64,000km..............$12,990 99 Toyota Hilux 4x4 F/Tray – 3.0 litre diesel .....$13,990 $3,675 SPECIAL OF THE WEEK 98 Mazda Bravo 4x4 Dual Cab $8,990 275 Main Road,Glenorchy Phone:6213 3315 Brian Anning 0418 531 853 • Chris Wakefield 0400 635 446 • Allan Gebel 0428 729 659
June 13th 2009
June 27th 2009